A variety of emergencies can happen anytime. The nature of an emergency is that it doesn’t choose a time or a place. Our survival often depends on our knowledge of what to do during emergency events around us. It can affect anyone. It can either be a medical emergency or a natural catastrophe. Whatever it is, one needs to know what to do during emergency.
What Is An Emergency: Types Of Emergency
What makes an emergency an emergency? Consider these factors:
- Urgency. There is a sense of urgency in a crisis. It needs immediate attention, immediate response, and immediate solution or mitigation.
- The seriousness of the damage. In an emergency, lives may be at risk. If the damage is severe, it may require immediate attention.
- Sudden. There are situations where we can anticipate an emergency from an event. However, the nature of emergencies is that it is unexpected and can put people in a state of panic.
Emergencies may escalate or have an extremely high probability of increasing. Emergencies usually categorized into three scenarios:
- Health emergencies. Health emergencies refer to situations that can cause life-threatening harm. The threat may not be immediate, but it could escalate. Health emergencies include medical emergencies like cardiac arrest, bleeding, ingesting the poison, and other serious injury.
- Life emergencies. Life emergencies refer to situations that can immediately cause death. These can be natural catastrophes like earthquakes, typhoons, or landslides.
- Environmental emergencies. Environmental emergencies refer to situations that can profoundly affect the environment, and in turn, affect man’s quality and way of life. These environmental emergencies include oil spills or forest fires.
Breaking It Down: What To Do During Emergency
Knowing what to do during an emergency will go a long way to ensure your survival and can make bouncing back much easier for you. Anything can happen, and it can be overwhelming to try to prepare for all types of emergencies. Emergency response can be categorized into 4 phases: Preparation, Response, Recovery, and Mitigation.
Imagine all the types of emergencies that could occur to you plus the number of crises that you could encounter. The number of possibilities is daunting. That is why preparation includes being properly informed.
- Find out whether the area you are in is prone to inevitable natural catastrophes.
- Take disaster response training that is available to you.
- Take the opportunity to get first aid training.
- Read and inform yourself.
- Get the emergency contact numbers of the appropriate departments for emergencies such as the police, fire station, and medical personnel.
Discussion. Preparation also includes discussing the details with your family or the people around you so you can come up with plans of action for every possible emergency. You should not be alone in this endeavor. You should make an effort to involve other people as well.
Financial preparation. In an emergency, your resources may be cut off. Build a solid financial foundation or prepare an emergency fund.
Pack light and essential. Be ready to have a readily packed bag to take when there is a sudden and urgent need to abandon your own home.
Prepare a survival kit good for two weeks. A survival kit contains the necessities that can aid in your survival and the survival of your family.
You need to store emergency food and water for the house. This emergency stash must be refreshed or replenished every six months.
This is when your knowledge of what to do during emergency is finally put to application. The fruits of any training you might have had will be put to the test.
- You may need to administer first aid.
- Your survival kit will be of use. Make sure you have one ready.
- You should know the support system available and the proper response for large scale emergencies.
This phase refers to the management of trauma. During this time, the situation needs to be stabilized. Much of the needed security after an emergency will depend highly on proper leadership and management. During this time, all the information you have gathered and all the training you have done should keep you calm and collected for the rest of the group.
Your support group can also help in recovery by regularly checking in on people and monitoring their well-being.
Mitigation ensures that the situation does not worsen or that the dangerous condition does not reoccur. It may not immediately solve the case, specially if the emergency is beyond your control, but it ensures that the others will be kept safe. Mitigation is a result of the preparation stage; that is why a bulk of your energy and time must wisely be invested in preparation.
Mitigating also includes adjusting plans to keep everything at bay. A knowledgeable support group will be able to help you in setting the next steps to ensure there is no escalation and that a new set of possible responses are available in case the emergency is prolonged or help is not yet available.
Knowing what to do during emergency can be a daunting task. The key to knowing what to do during emergencies is to prepare early. Preparation includes readying an emergency kit, getting first aid training, and having an emergency plan. We don’t want emergencies to surprise us. We want to be prepped and ready for ourselves and the people who rely on us. Find out more about emergency plans.